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and the Built Environment / Streets
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people started protecting themselves as individuals rather than
as a community, the battle was lost." Community Oriented Policing
(COP) is the public safety counterpart of Neighborhood Planning.
In COP, the police and community work together to identify, prioritize,
and solve public safety problems including crime, drugs, fear of
crime, social and physical disorder, and neighborhood decay. The
beat officer under COP almost becomes like a neighborhood planner
and a government ombudsman. The neighborhood built environment and
street design impacts crime and disorder. The underlying focus,
again, is building social capital.
Robert J. Sampson,
"Crime and Public Safety: Insights from Community Level Perspectives
on Social Capital", in Susan Saegert, J. Phillip Thompson,
and Mark R. Warren, Social Capital and Poor Communities (New
York: Russell Sage Foundation, 2001).
Trojanowicz and Bonnie Bucqueroux, Community Policing, How to
Get Started (Cincinnati: Anderson Publishing Co, 1994),
Section One: "What is Community Policing?", Section Five,
"What Community Policing Officers Do on the Job"
Back the Streets" in Paul S. Grogan and Tony Proscio, Comeback
Cities: A Blueprint for Urban Neighborhood Revival (Boulder:
Westview Press, 2000), pp. 151-173
Reading #8 (pdf)
Department of Justice, Executive Office for Weed and Seed, "Citizen
Action for Neighborhood Safety: Community Strategies for Improving
the Quality of Life", August 1997. On web at: www.ojp.usdoj.gov/eows/pdftxt/qolmas.pdf
Q. Wilson and George L. Kelling, "Broken Windows, The Police
and Neighborhood Safety", The Atlantic Monthly, March 1982.
Newman, Defensible Space: Crime Prevention Through Urban Design
(New York: Collier Books, 1973), Chapter 1, "Defensible Space";
Chapter 3, "Territoriality".
Appleyard, Livable Streets, (Berkeley, University of
California Press, 1981), Chapter 1, "Three Streets in San Francisco",
Chapter 2, "The Ecology of Streets".
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Neighborhood crime prevention - general
Community policing - police department perspectives
Community policing - neighborhood perspectives & case studies
Community policing - programs
"Broken Windows", disorder, and social capital
Code enforcement and code teams
Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED)
Impact of traffic on neighborhoods and mitigation methods