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Neighborhood Public Safety and Community Policing


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Topic 10

Slide Show:
Community Oriented Policing
Crime and the Built Environment / Streets
Powerpoint presentations (in html format)

"When people started protecting themselves as individuals rather than as a community, the battle was lost." Community Oriented Policing (COP) is the public safety counterpart of Neighborhood Planning. In COP, the police and community work together to identify, prioritize, and solve public safety problems including crime, drugs, fear of crime, social and physical disorder, and neighborhood decay. The beat officer under COP almost becomes like a neighborhood planner and a government ombudsman. The neighborhood built environment and street design impacts crime and disorder. The underlying focus, again, is building social capital.

Readings:

Robert J. Sampson, "Crime and Public Safety: Insights from Community Level Perspectives on Social Capital", in Susan Saegert, J. Phillip Thompson, and Mark R. Warren, Social Capital and Poor Communities (New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 2001).
Reading #2 (pdf)

Robert Trojanowicz and Bonnie Bucqueroux, Community Policing, How to Get Started (Cincinnati: Anderson Publishing Co, 1994), Section One: "What is Community Policing?", Section Five, "What Community Policing Officers Do on the Job"
Reading #6 (pdf)

"Taking Back the Streets" in Paul S. Grogan and Tony Proscio, Comeback Cities: A Blueprint for Urban Neighborhood Revival (Boulder: Westview Press, 2000), pp. 151-173
Reading #8 (pdf)

U.S. Department of Justice, Executive Office for Weed and Seed, "Citizen Action for Neighborhood Safety: Community Strategies for Improving the Quality of Life", August 1997. On web at: www.ojp.usdoj.gov/eows/pdftxt/qolmas.pdf
Reading #11

James Q. Wilson and George L. Kelling, "Broken Windows, The Police and Neighborhood Safety", The Atlantic Monthly, March 1982. http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/crime/windows.htm
Reading #16

Oscar Newman, Defensible Space: Crime Prevention Through Urban Design (New York: Collier Books, 1973), Chapter 1, "Defensible Space"; Chapter 3, "Territoriality".
Reading #20 (pdf)

Donald Appleyard, Livable Streets, (Berkeley, University of California Press, 1981), Chapter 1, "Three Streets in San Francisco", Chapter 2, "The Ecology of Streets".
Reading #26 (pdf)

NOTE: If you have difficulty in opening your readings, you may need to download Adobe Acrobat Reader.
This is a free download and simple installation. Please follow the instructions at the official Adobe website.

 

 

 


Selected Readings (pdf)
Public Safety


Subtopics inside:
Neighborhood crime prevention - general
Community policing - police department perspectives
Community policing - neighborhood perspectives & case studies
Community policing - programs
"Broken Windows", disorder, and social capital
Code enforcement and code teams
Defensible Space
Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED)
Impact of traffic on neighborhoods and mitigation methods

 

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Dr. Louis Colombo & Ken Balizer, AICP